Introduction. Dark tourism is defined as the act of tourists traveling to sites of death, tragedy, and suffering (Foley and Lennon, 1996). This past decade marks a significant growth of dark tourism with increasing number of dark tourists (Lennon and Foley, 2000; Martini and Buda, 2018).
Why is dark tourism becoming popular?
Accessibility and availability contribute to the rise of dark tourism, as more places seem eager to capitalize on their dark past. There will always be a question of whether this is respecting the dead or exploiting their memories.
Is dark tourism a trend?
Nevertheless, dark tourism appears to be a global trend that’s gathering pace. In 2018, statistics from Kiwi.com, a flight-booking website, demonstrated a 307% increase in UK searches for destinations typically linked to doom or gloom.
Why is dark tourism growing in site and popularity?
Dark tourism responds to the need of contemporary tourists to live unique, impactful, and perhaps extreme experiences. Places connected with tragic events are growing in popularity all around the world. … In Europe, tourists can follow the route of 49 cemeteries recognized by the Council of Europe as cultural sites.
When did dark tourism became popular?
Dark Tourism started to gain academic attention in the early 90s, but it is only recently that it has sparked the interest of the media and the general public.
Why dark tourism is bad?
The most common criticism of dark tourism is that it exploits human suffering. Operators can exploit these sites to make money or simply to provide entertainment. This disrespects the victims of the event. This type of behavior may be unethical.
What is dark tourism list destination that engage with dark tourism?
Destinations of dark tourism include castles and battlefields such as Culloden in Scotland and Bran Castle and Poienari Castle in Romania; former prisons such as Beaumaris Prison in Anglesey, Wales and the Jack the Ripper exhibition in the London Dungeon; sites of natural disasters or man made disasters, such as …
What is blue tourism?
Maritime and coastal tourism has become an important economic sector for the marine states of the world. … The blue tourism depends on the beauty of the natural ecosystems, but at the same time, it contributes to its depletion and fragilization, and puts at risk its sustainability.
What is dark tourism explain?
Dark tourism refers to visiting places where some of the darkest events of human history have unfolded. That can include genocide, assassination, incarceration, ethnic cleansing, war or disaster — either natural or accidental.
What is the purpose of slum tourism?
Slum tourism, also sometimes referred to as “ghetto tourism,” involves tourism to impoverished areas, particularly in India, Brazil, Kenya, and Indonesia. The purpose of slum tourism is to provide tourists the opportunity to see the “non-touristy” areas of a country or city.
Is dark tourism sustainable?
This publication has been peer–reviewed. Chapters of this book express the views of individual authors. Neither the editors nor publisher accept any responsibility for those views or for the academic honesty of authors.
Is Dark Tourism OK National Geographic?
There’s nothing inherently wrong with visiting Chernobyl’s fallout zone or other sites of past tragedy. It’s all about intention. Tourists flocked to the still-smoking fields of Gettysburg in 1863 to see the aftermath of one of the bloodiest battles of the American Civil War. …
Why some tourists get fascinated in visiting dark tourism sites?
Tourists like to satisfy their curiosity and fascination with the DT concept in a socially adequate setting that also gives them the opportunity to build their own reflection of mortality. In the context of dark tourism, Malaysia has various DT destinations and sites such as cemeteries, museums and war relics.
Does space tourism exist?
Space tourism is human space travel for recreational purposes. There are several different types of space tourism, including orbital, suborbital and lunar space tourism. … Russian orbital tourism eventually resumed with the launch of Soyuz MS-20 in 2021.
How many types of dark tourism are there?
The consensus between the literature researchers is that dark tourism has a typology depending on the visitors’ motivations and sites, namely War/Battlefield Tourism, Disaster Tourism, Prison Tourism, Cemetery Tourism, Ghost Tourism, and Holocaust Tourism.