Option 2 is the correct answer: Solid has the maximum attraction force between the molecules. Solids is the phase of matter in which the constituent particles are closely packed. Solids are the hardest state of matter among all three.
Which has the greatest attraction between particles?
Due to the solid’s low kinetic energy, particles have no “time” to move around, the particles have more “time” to be attracted. Therefore, solids have the strongest intramolecular forces (because they have the strongest attraction).
Which substance has stronger attractions between its molecules?
For molecular substances that contain molecules of about the same size, substances with hydrogen bonds have stronger attractions between the particles than substances with either dipole-dipole attractions or London forces, and substances with dipole-dipole attractions have stronger attractions between the particles …
What is the attraction between molecules?
Intermolecular forces are the forces of attraction or repulsion which act between neighboring particles (atoms, molecules, or ions ).
Which has the most force of attraction?
Gases have the least attraction forces, liquids have the intermediate force of attraction, and solids have the highest forces of attraction.
What are the forces of attraction between particles?
Intermolecular forces hold multiple molecules together and determine many of a substance’s properties. All of the attractive forces between neutral atoms and molecules are known as van der Waals forces, although they are usually referred to more informally as intermolecular attraction.
In which state of matter is the attraction between molecules weakest?
Forces of attraction are weakest in a gaseous state.
Why are some molecules more strongly attracted to each other?
In many molecules, the electrons that are shared in a covalent bond are not shared equally among the two atoms in the bond. Typically, one of the atoms attracts the electrons more strongly than the other, leading to an unequal sharing of electrons in the bond.
What are the strongest and weakest forces of attraction between molecules?
There are three different types of intermolecular forces in terms of strength. They are (strongest to weakest) hydrogen bonding, dipole-dipole and Van der Waals’ forces.
Which molecules attract each other more strongly polar molecules or nonpolar molecules?
Polar materials tend to be more attracted to and are more soluble in polar solvents. Nonpolar materials tends to be attracted to and are more soluble in nonpolar materials. Polar molecules are those that possess regions of positive and negative charge.
What is attraction between molecules of the same substance?
The force of cohesion is defined as the force of attraction between molecules of the same substance. The force of adhesion is defined as the force of attraction between different substances, such as glass and water.
Which form of attraction exists between hydrocarbon molecules?
Hydrocarbons have very weak intermolecular forces, which are the attractive forces between molecules. As the number of carbon atoms increase, the boiling point increases because the intermolecular forces increase. Hydrocarbons are also volatile which means they evaporate easily.
Which object would have the strongest force of attraction?
The strong nuclear force, also called the strong nuclear interaction, is the strongest of the four fundamental forces of nature.